Pathways to a climate resilient future: a community-based cost benefit analysis of a food security project in Ethiopia

In recent years, climate change impacts have created grave new threats to rural livelihoods. Drought has become more frequent, while erratic rainfall (e.g., late onset, early cessation, irregular timing and intensity) and periodic flooding are dangerous new problems. Climate change will continue to intensify the environ- mental and socioeconomic drivers of food insecurity, posing formidable threats to food supplies and livelihoods.

As a frontline actor in addressing the humanitarian consequences of climate change, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) continues to develop specific, prac- tical interventions to boost the resilience of vulnerable communities while enhanc- ing their food security.

Community-based cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an evidence-based tool which can effectively be used to ascertain the value and impact of of integrating resilience- building interventions in food security programming. The merit of the CBA is that it provides a powerful way to describe and communicate a project’s benefits. It is an invaluable tool for evaluating program-

ming as well as guiding the design of fu- ture interventions. CBAs produce a rich body of evidence on what works where, limits to existing interventions and need- ed adjustments to better address emerg- ing risks.

As such, the following case study provides an overview of a CBA that was conduct- ed by the IFRC to provide a quantitative analysis to complement the qualitative benefits of the food security project which was implemented in Ethiopia.

Specifically, the community-based CBA was conducted on the South Wollo Food Security Project. The four-year project, launched by the Ethiopian Red Cross So- ciety, aimed to simultaneously address acute hunger and foster longer-term food security and climate resilience for small- scale farmers in the Ethiopian highlands. The CBA aimed to assess how the project:

• delivered on building key aspects of resilience
• benefit-cost ratio it secured

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Pathways to a climate resilient future: a community-based cost benefit analysis of a food security project in Ethiopia