Pathways to a climate resilient future: a community-based cost benefit analysis of a food security project in Ethiopia
As a frontline actor in addressing the humanitarian consequences of climate change, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) continues to develop specific, prac- tical interventions to boost the resilience of vulnerable communities while enhanc- ing their food security.
Community-based cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an evidence-based tool which can effectively be used to ascertain the value and impact of of integrating resilience- building interventions in food security programming. The merit of the CBA is that it provides a powerful way to describe and communicate a project’s benefits. It is an invaluable tool for evaluating program-
ming as well as guiding the design of fu- ture interventions. CBAs produce a rich body of evidence on what works where, limits to existing interventions and need- ed adjustments to better address emerg- ing risks.
As such, the following case study provides an overview of a CBA that was conduct- ed by the IFRC to provide a quantitative analysis to complement the qualitative benefits of the food security project which was implemented in Ethiopia.
Specifically, the community-based CBA was conducted on the South Wollo Food Security Project. The four-year project, launched by the Ethiopian Red Cross So- ciety, aimed to simultaneously address acute hunger and foster longer-term food security and climate resilience for small- scale farmers in the Ethiopian highlands. The CBA aimed to assess how the project:
• delivered on building key aspects of resilience
• benefit-cost ratio it secured
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