International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Zika virus: know more and take action
CLEAN UP | COVER UP | KEEP IT UP
How it spreads
It is spread primarily by mosquito bite
The mosquito which spread Zika bites during the day particularly at sunrise and sunset.
Zika is usually a mild illness
Symptoms can include a rash, fever and red eyes. These usually last for several days.
1-in-5 will show symptoms
Many people may have the virus and not display any symptoms or feel unwell.
What to do if you think you have Zika
Please note that aspirin and ibuprofen are not suitable for treatment of Zika.
Zika virus can pass from a mother to the unborn baby during pregnancy. Doctors are currently working to establish if there is a link between Zika and microcephaly in babies, namely babies who are born with small heads and serious developmental problems.
Although this has not been confirmed yet, it is key that pregnant women take extra care to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Pregnant women with symptoms of Zika virus should immediately seek medical attention.
Children with symptoms should immediately be seen by a local healthcare provider for assessment in situations where there is additional possibility of dengue infection.
Be aware of these warning signs as they could suggest severe dengue for your child:
- Severe abdominal pain
- Persistent vomiting
- Bleeding gums
- Vomiting blood
- Rapid breathing
- Fatigue/ restlessness
CLEAN UP, COVER UP AND KEEP IT UP!
What you can do to prevent Zika
- Once a week, remove, empty, clean and cover containers that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots and trash containers.
- Eliminate standing water in and around your home.
- Remove rubbish as often as possible.
- If water needs to be stored, make sure the container is fully covered to prevent mosquitoes getting into it.
- If containers cannot be properly drained, fill them with sand and cover.
- Keep skin covered, especially during sunrise and dusk, when mosquitoes are most likely to bite.
- Use repellents recommended by health authorities and reapply them frequently (every few hours) to exposed skin or clothes. Repellent will last longer if applied to clothes.